Russian pronouns

Russian Pronouns

by Alexandra MacMillan

Pronouns in Russian change in cases, so to use them correctly you also need to know which case to use: Nominative (1), Genitive (2), Dative (3), Accusative (4), Instrumental (5) or Prepositional (6):

I = я (1), меня (2), мне (3), меня (4), мной (5), мне (6)
You (singular, informal) = ты (1), тебя (2), тебе (3), тебе (4), тобой (5), тебе (6)
He = он (1), (н)его (2), ему (3), его (4), (н)им (5), нём (6)
She = она (1), неё (2), (н)ей (3), её (4), (н)ей (5), ней (6)
We = мы (1), нас (2), нам (3), нас (4), нами (5), нас (6)
You (plural or respectful/official) = вы (1), вас (2), вам (3), вас (4), вами (5), вас (6)
They = они (1), (н)их (2), (н)им (3), их (4), (н)ими (5), них (6)

So, basically each pronoun has about six different forms (in some cases they match). Learning when to use which case takes a long time, but the easy thing is that when a pronoun is a subject in a sentence it is always Nomitative (1). Compare:

Я люблю тебя. [I love you]
Я звоню тебе. [I call you]

In both these sentences I (Я) is a subject so it doesn’t change – it takes Nominative (1). However, YOU (ТЫ) is an object. In the first sentence we need to use Accusative (4) with the object, therefore ТЫ becomes ТЕБЯ, in the second sentence we need to put Dative (3), ТЫ changes to ТЕБЕ.

Ты любишь меня. [You love me]
Ты звонишь мне. [You call me]

In these sentences, on the contrary, YOU (ТЫ) is a subject so it doesn’t change – it takes Nominative (1). However, I (Я) is an object here. In the first sentence we need to use Accusative (4) with the object, therefore Я becomes МЕНЯ, in the second sentence we need to put Dative (3), so Я changes to МНЕ.

So, apart from learning those prepositions it is also important ot know the situations (cases) when to use which one.

line
footer
Designed by Joriksun